This paper proposes novel routing and topology control algorithms for industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs) based on the ISA100.11a standard. The proposed algorithms not only reduces energy consumption at the node level but also reduces packet latency at the network level. Using the residual energy and packet reception rate of neighbor nodes, the source node can estimate the highest election weight. Hence, packets are conveyed by a multi-hop forwarding scheme from source nodes to the sink by the optimal path. Furthermore, energy consumption and network latency are minimized using integer linear programming. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithms are fully effective in terms of energy conservation and network latency for IWSNs.
Available online: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11276-014-0747-5